Abdominal pain

gastrology doctor in delhi


    What is Abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly. Most of the time, a serious medical problem is not the cause, and how bad your pain is doesn’t always reflect the seriousness of the problem causing your pain. You may feel very bad pain if you are having gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis, better known as a stomach virus. And some life-threatening conditions, such as colon cancer or a very early case of appendicitis, may cause only mild pain, or no pain at all. The important thing to know about abdominal pain is when you need immediate medical care. Less serious causes of abdominal pain include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, lactose intolerance, food poisoning, and a stomach virus.

Well, if you have mild abdominal pain, here are some helpful tips; Try sipping water or other clear fluids. Avoid solid food for the first few hours. If your pain is high in your abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may help, especially if you are feeling heartburn or indigestion. You should seek medical attention if you have abdominal pain is not settling and is associated with various symptoms


Almost everyone has pain in the abdomen at some point. Most of the time, it is not serious. How bad your pain is does not always reflect the seriousness of the condition causing the pain. For example, you might have very bad abdominal pain if you have gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis. However, fatal conditions, such as colon cancer or early appendicitis, may only cause mild pain or no pain.

Other ways to describe pain in your abdomen include:

  • • Generalized pain — This means that you feel it in more than half of your belly. This type of pain is more typical for a stomach virus, indigestion, or gas. If the pain becomes more severe, it may be caused by a blockage of the intestines.
  • • Localized pain — This is pain found in only one area of your belly. It is more likely to be a sign of a problem in an organ, such as the appendix, gallbladder, or stomach.
  • • Cramp-like pain — This type of pain is not serious most of the time. It is likely to be due to gas and bloating, and is often followed by diarrhea. More worrisome signs include pain that occurs more often, lasts more than 24 hours, or occurs with a fever.
  • • Colicky pain — This type of pain comes in waves. It very often starts and ends suddenly, and is often severe. Kidney stones and gallstones are common causes of this type of belly pain.


Many different conditions can cause abdominal pain. The key is to know when you need to get medical care right away. Sometimes, you may only need to call a health care provider if your symptoms continue.

Less serious causes of abdominal pain include:

  • • Constipation
  • • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • • Food poisoning
  • • Stomach flu
  • • Gallstones

Other possible causes include:

  • • Appendicitis
  • • Pancreatitis
  • • Cholangitis
  • • Bowel blockage or obstruction
  • • Cancer of the stomach, colon (large bowel), and other organs
  • • Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) with or without gallstones
  • • Decreased blood supply to the intestines (ischemic bowel)
  • • Diverticulitis (inflammation and infection of the colon)
  • • Endometriosis
  • • Heartburn, indigestion, or gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
  • • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • • Kidney stones
  • • Muscle strain
  • • Pancreatitis (swelling or infection of the pancreas)
  • • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • • Ruptured ovarian cyst
  • • Severe menstrual cramps
  • • Tubal (ectopic) pregnancy
  • • Ulcers
  • • Urinary tract infections (UTI)

    Home Care

You can try the following home care steps to ease mild abdominal pain:

  • • Sip water or other clear fluids. You may have sports drinks in small amounts. People with diabetes must check their blood sugar often and adjust their medicines as needed.
  • • Avoid solid food for the first few hours.
  • • If you have been vomiting, wait 6 hours, and then eat small amounts of mild foods such as rice, applesauce, or crackers. Avoid dairy products.
  • • If the pain is high up in your abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may help, especially if you feel heartburn or indigestion. Avoid citrus, high-fat foods, fried or greasy foods, tomato products, caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated beverages.
  • • DO NOT take any medicine without talking to your provider.

These additional steps may help prevent some types of abdominal pain:

  • • Drink plenty of water each day.
  • • Eat small meals more frequently.
  • • Exercise regularly.
  • • Limit foods that produce gas.
  • • Make sure that your meals are well-balanced and high in fiber. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

Get medical help right away in case of severe abdominal pain. In case of non relief with over the

  • • Are currently being treated for cancer
  • • Are unable to pass stool, especially if you are also vomiting
  • • Are vomiting blood or have blood in your stool (especially if bright red, maroon or dark, tarry black)
  • • Have chest, neck, or shoulder pain
  • • Have sudden, sharp abdominal pain
  • • Have pain in, or between, your shoulder blades with nausea
  • • Have tenderness in your belly, or your belly is rigid and hard to the touch
  • • Are pregnant or could be pregnant
  • • Had a recent injury to your abdomen
  • • Have difficulty breathing

Contact your provider if you have:

  • • Abdominal pain that does not improve in 24 to 48 hours, or becomes more severe and frequent and occurs with nausea and vomiting
  • • Bloating that persists for more than 2 days
  • • Burning sensation when you urinate or frequent urination
  • • Diarrhea for more than 5 days
  • • Fever, over 100°F (37.7°C) for adults or 100.4°F (38°C) for children, with pain
  • • Prolonged poor appetite
  • • Prolonged vaginal bleeding
  • • Unexplained weight loss

    What to Expect at Your Office Visit

Your provider will perform a physical exam and ask about your symptoms and medical history. Your specific symptoms, the location of pain and when it occurs will help your provider detect the cause.


  • • Where do you feel the pain?
  • • Is it all over or in one spot?
  • • Does the pain move into your back, groin, or down your legs?


  • • Is the pain severe, sharp, or cramping?
  • • Do you have it all the time, or does it come and go?
  • • Does the pain wake you up at night?


  • • Have you had similar pain in the past? How long has each episode lasted?
  • • When does the pain occur? For example, after meals or during menstruation?
  • • What makes the pain worse? For example, eating, stress, or lying down?
  • • What makes the pain better? For example, drinking milk, having a bowel movement, or taking an antacid?
  • • What medicines are you taking?


  • • Have you had a recent injury?
  • • Are you pregnant?
  • • What other symptoms do you have?

Tests that may be done include:

  • • Barium enema
  • • Blood, urine, and stool tests
  • • CT scan
  • • Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy (tube through the rectum into the colon)
  • • ECG (electrocardiogram) or heart tracing
  • • Ultrasound of the abdomen
  • • Upper endoscopy (tube through the mouth into the esophagus, stomach and upper small intestine)
  • • Upper GI (gastrointestinal) and small bowel series
  • • X-rays of the abdomen

    Dr. Sawan Bhopanna is one of the top pancreas specialist doctors in Janakpuri. He has over 13 years of expertise as the best gastroenterologist in West Delhi. He is involved in many services that benefit society. He is interested in many areas of liver treatment. You will find his services to be innovative.

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